From a curatorial perspective, this section represents not only the arachnids but also the 'basal' hexapods (primarily wingless insects, mayflies, odonates), as well as pantopods and crustaceans. Our research focuses on spider taxonomy, phylogeny, and biology as well as on function and evolution of arthropod genitalia.
The collections of the section of Coleoptera comprise mainly material from the Palaearctic region, northeastern Oriental region (Fukien) and the Aethiopian region. Research includes projects on taxonomy, phylogenetics, functional morphology, structural analysis, and history of science.
The Diptera Section houses the collections of Diptera, Siphonaptera, Strepsiptera, Embioptera, Mecoptera, Megaloptera, Raphidioptera and Neuroptera. The main research focus of the Section is Diptera systematics, taxonomy and phylogeny.
The Hymenoptera section also includes collections of Heteroptera, "Homoptera", Orthopteroidea (includes Mantodea, Blattodea, Dermaptera, Phasmatodea and Saltatoria) and Phthiraptera. It currently covers approximately 160,000 individuals from approximately 15,500 taxa.