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Spektakulärer Neufund: Eidinemacheilus proudlovei, a new subterranean loach from Iraqi Kurdistan

AutorInnen: 
Freyhof, J., Abdullah, Y. S., Ararat, K., Ibrahim, H., Geiger, M. F.
Erscheinungsjahr: 
2016
Vollständiger Titel: 
Eidinemacheilus proudlovei, a new subterranean loach from Iraqi Kurdistan (Teleostei; Nemacheilidae)
Autor/-innen des ZFMK: 
Publiziert in: 
Zootaxa
Publikationstyp: 
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
DOI Name: 
http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4173.3.2
Keywords: 
Freshwater fish, Middle East, Kurdistan, Iraq, troglomorphic, new species, DNA barcoding, cave fishes, subterranean fishes
Bibliographische Angaben: 
Freyhof, J., Abdullah, Y. S., Ararat, K., Ibrahim, H., Geiger, M. F. (2016): Eidinemacheilus proudlovei, a new subterranean loach from Iraqi Kurdistan (Teleostei; Nemacheilidae). - Zootaxa 4173 (3): 225–236.
Abstract: 

Eidinemacheilus proudlovei, new species, is described from subterranean waters in the Little Zab River drainage in Iraqi Kurdistan. After the discovery of E. smithi in 1976, E. proudlovei is the second troglomorphic nemacheilid loach found in the Middle East and the second species placed in Eidinemacheilus. Eidinemacheilus proudlovei is distinguished from E. smithi by having 8+8 or 8+7 branched caudal-fin rays, no adipose keel on the caudal peduncle, enlarged jaws and a fully developed head canal system. It furthers differs substantially in its DNA barcode (>8% K2P distance) from all other nemacheilid loaches in the Middle East, Europe and Western India.

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