Das Zoologische Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig

ist ein Forschungsmuseum der Leibniz Gemeinschaft

Adding DNA barcoding to stream monitoring protocols – What’s the additional value ...

AutorInnen: 
Behrens-Chapuis, S., Herder, F., Geiger, M.F.
Erscheinungsjahr: 
2021
Vollständiger Titel: 
Behrens-Chapuis, S., Herder, F., Geiger, M.F. (2021): Adding DNA barcoding to stream monitoring protocols – What’s the additional value and congruence between morphological and molecular identification approaches? - PLoS ONE 16(1): e0244598. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal. pone.0244598
Publiziert in: 
PLoS ONE
Publikationstyp: 
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
DOI Name: 
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0244598
Bibliographische Angaben: 
Behrens-Chapuis, S., Herder, F., Geiger, M.F. (2021): Adding DNA barcoding to stream monitoring protocols – What’s the additional value and congruence between morphological and molecular identification approaches? - PLoS ONE 16(1): e0244598. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal. pone.0244598
Abstract: 

Although aquatic macroinvertebrates and freshwater fishes are important indicators for freshwater quality assessments, the morphological identification to species-level is often impossible and thus especially in many invertebrate taxa not mandatory during Water Framework Directive monitoring, a pragmatism that potentially leads to information loss. Here, we focus on the freshwater fauna of the River Sieg (Germany) to test congruence and additional value in taxa detection and taxonomic resolution of DNA barcoding vs. morphology-based identification in monitoring routines. Prior generated morphological identifications of juvenile fishes and aquatic macroinvertebrates were directly compared to species assignments using the identification engine of the Barcode of Life Data System. In 18% of the invertebrates morphology allowed only assignments to higher systematic entities, but DNA barcoding lead to species-level assignment. Dissimilarities between the two approaches occurred in 7% of the invertebrates and in 1% of the fishes. The 18 fish species were assigned to 20 molecular barcode index numbers, the 104 aquatic invertebrate taxa to 113 molecular entities. Although the cost-benefit analysis of both methods showed that DNA barcoding is still more expensive (5.30–8.60€ per sample) and time consuming (12.5h), the results emphasize the potential to increase taxonomic resolution and gain a more complete profile of biodiversity, especially in invertebrates. The provided reference DNA barcodes help building the foundation for metabarcoding approaches, which provide faster sample processing and more cost-efficient ecological status determination.

Ansprechpartnerin / Ansprechpartner

Doktorandin
+49 228 9122-431
+49 228 9122-212
sichapuis [at] t-online.de